Purina® Goat Nutrition E—Newsletter


FEATURED STORY | Michelle Chew—Painted Sky Goats

GET YOUR GOAT ON
About ten years ago, Michelle Chew started with two Nubian goats and a desire to get fresh goat milk. Her small hobby has now grown into a 33-goat farm in Gridley, California and a new business—Painted Sky Soap.

The Chews had so much extra milk from just their first couple of goats that they started and came up with the idea of making soap after learning about it at a farmers' market. Then in 2009, after two years of research and a few months of development, they made their first appearance at the local farmers' market.

"The soap business started like the goats, with just a few scents. We now have over 25 different soap bars and have perfected our lotion formula," Michelle said. "Goat milk is a natural moisturizer and helps to rejuvenate the skin."

All of Painted Sky Soap products are handmade from scratch in small batches with natural oils and butters to ensure quality—using 100 percent fresh goat milk as their number one ingredient. The soap contains more than an ounce of fresh goat milk and the hand lotion is 80 percent goat milk or 6.4 ounces in an 8 ounce bottle. An alpha hydroxyl that naturally occurs from the lactic acid in the milk acid helps with exfoliation, aging, wrinkles and acne. Additional ingredients in the products include castor oil as a protective barrier and glycerin.

Painted Sky Soap has also recently added scrubs to their product line-up and will be adding facial mud masks and a few more soaps very soon. Some of their scents include lavender mint, lemongrass, and orange patchouli. Their products can be found at www.paintedskysoap.com and in more than 20 stores throughout Northern California.

In addition to their soap products, the Chews have started a local goat sharing project that allows others to enjoy the products of their goats. Because the Chew's goats aren't considered Grade A dairy, they can't to sell their milk or milk products. However, through goat sharing, people can buy into the goat herd and become owners themselves. After purchasing a share of the herd, they pay a monthly board fee for feed, milking and maintenance of the herd and are entitled to raw milk or other dairy products in exchange.

The Chews don't just see their goats as a business though, they're family, too—complete with kids and crazy stories.

"We have a goat that we named Chickadee aka Chick," said Michelle. "We decided it would be best to bottle feed her since her mother is not very friendly. We put her in with our neighbor's chickens, hence her name. She is almost a year old, has been weaned and is now out in the large pasture with our other does. However, she does not think she's a goat and probably never will. I guess she will never be like her mother!"

To produce the best goat products, the Chews always use Purina Feeds, including Noble Goat® Dairy Parlor 16 for lactating does, Noble Goat® Grower 16 for the growing kids and Goat Mineral® to keep all their goats healthy.

"Noble Goat® Dairy Parlor 16 has just the right amount of protein, the fiber is not too high and it's specially formulated for lactating does," Michelle said. "The girls look forward to getting their 'treat' during milking."

The Chews also find that Noble Goat® Grower 16 helps control coccidiosis, which thrives in the wet pasture conditions of California, and like the Goat Mineral® granules to be mixed into their grain to make sure they always have the right about of minerals.

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GOAT TIPS | Goat Breeds

Modern goats originated from the wild goats that roamed the mountains of Asia and Eastern Europe. Along with sheep, they were some of the first animals to be domesticated between 6000 and 7000 B.C. for their milk, meat, hair and hides. Today, people continue to raise goats for these reasons and for pets. Over the centuries many breeds have developed that have specific qualities that make them better suited for each of these different tasks.

DAIRY GOATS
Some of the most common types of dairy goats in the United States are Nubian, La Mancha, Nigerian Dwarf, Alpine, Oberhasli, Saanen and Toggenburg.

  • Nubian—originated in Great Britain and are the most common breed in the U.S. They are a medium-large breed and live well in very warm climates. Nubians are meatier and produce less milk than some other dairy breeds.
  • LaMancha—developed in Oregon and are believed to be of Spanish origin. Known for their small ears, LaManchas are medium sized, very hardy, and excellent for colder climates.
  • Nigerian Dwarf—miniature dairy goats known for their high quality milk, which generally has high butter-fat content.
  • Alpine—medium-large size and are good milkers with long lactations. They are believed to have Swiss and French influence and can easily produce 3 liters of milk per day.
  • Oberhasli—medium sized Swiss Dairy goats. They are generally sweet natured but very alert.
  • Saanen—largest of dairy goat breeds. Known for their superior milk production, Saanens are often compared to Holstein dairy cattle in terms of relative milk production.
  • Toggenburg—thought to be the oldest and purest Swiss goats. They are medium size, have moderate production and are great for pets due to their gentle nature.
MEAT GOATS
Popular meat breeds include Boer, Kiko, Kinder, Myotonic, Spanish, Tennessee Meat Goat™, and TexMaster™.
    Boer Goats
  • Boers—classic meat goats from South Africa. Their name comes from the Dutch word for farmer. They have a fast growth rate and excellent carcass qualities.
  • Kikos—from New Zealand and are named after the native Maori word for flesh or meat. They were developed for survivability and fast growth.
  • Kinders—have only been around for about 20 years, but are small dual purpose goats, great for both milking and meat production.
  • Myotonics—also known as Wooden Leg or Tennessee Fainting goats. When they get excited or frightened, their limbs often lock up causing them to fall over or faint for a few seconds.
  • Spanish—also known as brush goats, because of their ability to clear brush and other undesirable plants. Their input requirements are often lower than other goats, making them popular for meat production. However, in addition to meat production, they are good kidders and milk producers.
  • Tennessee Meat Goat™—developed by Onion Creek Ranch in Texas by breeding full blood myotonic goats. The contraction of the muscles causes their meat to be very tender.
  • TexMaster™—developed by Onion Creek Ranch by breeding Tennessee Meat Goats with Boers for faster growth.
FIBER GOATS
Fiber goats include Angoras, Cashmere and pygoras.
  • Angoras—originally from Turkey. Their fleece, also known as mohair, has great insulation properties and takes dye very well. Angoras are creamy white in color and can produce up to 12 pounds of mohair per year.
  • Cashmere—type of goat, rather than a breed. A cashmere goat is a goat of any breed that has a soft downy winter undercoat. Generally cashmere makes up about 20 percent of the total fleece found on the goat.
  • Pygoras—cross between Angoras and Pygmy goats. They produce 6 oz. to 2 lb. of fleece per shearing and depending on the goat can produce 3 different types of fleece. Type A, similar to angora, Type B, a blend of angora and cashmere, and Type C, similar to cashmere.
PETS
Pygmies are miniature goats that originated in West Africa and were once called Cameroon Dwarf goats. Although they produce small amounts of high quality milk and are considered meat goats, pygmies are becoming increasingly popular as pets in urban and suburban areas. Typically they are 15 to 20 inches tall and weigh between 35 and 60 pounds.

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GET TO KNOW | Kid Milk Replacer

Noble Goat® Dairy Parlor 16 is a natural*, fully fortified pelleted feed designed for optimum milk production in lactating dairy goats. It's special formula delivers the nutrition and performance your goat needs and provides the difference in overall growth and health you expect from Purina Mills. The ingredients found in all Noble Goat® products are carefully selected based on Purina's expert research, so you know that you're getting quality, productivity, and value in each bag.

  • Nutritionally balanced—provides the proper balance of high-quality proteins, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients
  • Appetizing, high quality ingredients—consistent quality ensures top performance and goat acceptability
  • Diamond V® Yeast Culture—helps maximize feed digestion and stabilizes rumen fermentation during stress
  • Availa-4 minerals—balanced combination of organic zinc, manganese, copper and cobalt for optimum growth and immune system support
  • Pelleted—little or no separation of ingredients, easy to handle

Remember that feed consumption will vary with life stage, environment, and activity. Also, be sure adequate amounts of fresh, clean water are always available. This product is available regionally, so please check with your local Purina® dealer for ordering details.

*with added vitamins, minerals, and trace nutrients

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